The Racist Violence Recording Network reported 32 physical assaults, including five causing serious injury and several also involving damage to property; and nine incidents of threats. Victims included 18 people from Afghanistan, eight people from Bangladesh, three from each of Nigeria, New Guinea and Pakistan, two from each of Cameroon, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Haiti, and one person from each of Albania, Ghana, Iran, Romania, Rwanda and Sudan.
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Report Data - Greece - 2014
Several government bodies and civil society organizations signed a Co-operation Agreement on Combating Racist Crime in Greece during a conference on "Building an Integrated Response to Racist Crime in the Criminal Justice." The event and negotiations on the agreement were co-ordinated by the Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in co-operation with ODIHR.
The National Council Against Racism and Intolerance has created a brochure instructing victims of hate crimes on where and how to file a complaint. It also provides guidance to officers on dealing with hate crime cases.
The Racist Violence Recording Network reported two incidents, in which a Holocaust memorial was painted with anti-Semitic slogans, and one incident of graffiti on a cemetery that was later posted online by the perpetrators.
The Federation of Western Thrace Turks in Europe reported one case of the desecration of a place of worship, in which a pig’s head was placed at the entrance of a mosque, and one case of graffiti on a Muslim cultural centre.
The Racist Violence Recording Network reported seven physical assaults, including an incident in which the victim needed stitches and another in which the victim suffered broken bones; and 11 threats, including one incident involving a death threat and property damage, and one threat against a child. The vast majority of victims were gay men. The Network reported a further eight physical assaults against transgender women, including a Pakistani transgender woman.
The Racist Violence Recording Network reported one physical assault against a man with disabilities.
Jehovah's Witnesses – Greece reported two physical assaults against men, including one in which pepper spray was used.
The Central Board of Jewish Communities in Greece (KIS) and the Greek Helsinki Monitor (GHM) reported one incident in which a Jewish cemetery was vandalized and one incident of graffiti on a Holocaust Memorial. KIS reported four additional incidents of graffiti, one of which targeted the same Holocaust memorial. The GHM reported one bombing threat against a local Jewish community centre and one incident of graffiti in a Jewish cemetery.
The Kantor Center reported one incident in which a group attempted to damage a Jewish cemetery.
World Without Nazism reported three incidents of damage to property, two incidents of the desecration of graves and one incident of anti-Semitic graffiti.
In its fifth report on Greece, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) recommended including sexual orientation and gender identity in the mandate of new anti-racism police units. It also recommended that the authorities offer training to police, judges and prosecutors on violent incidents and the application of Article 81A of the Criminal Code, which concerns hate crimes.
ODIHR observes that the law enforcement agencies of Greece have not recorded the bias motivations of hate crimes.
Greece introduced a special aggravating circumstance provision to its criminal code. Article 81A instructs judges to enhance sentences in cases of hate crime. The amendments also added disability to the list of protected characteristics.
The Hellenic School for Judges committed to implement ODIHR’s Prosecutors and Hate Crime Training (PAHCT) programme.