Nash Mir reported one incident of threats and extortion against a man with mental disabilities.
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Report Data - Ukraine - 2013
The Main Investigation Department of the National Police of Ukraine, together with the Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, developed Methodological Recommendations on the specifics of investigating hate crimes. The guidelines were made available to officers.
No Borders and The Diversity Initiative reported one assault resulting in serious injury against an Armenian man by a group, followed by an arson attack against his kebab café; one assault against a Syrian man and his Ukrainian wife by a group; one attack by a group against several foreign students, resulting in the hospitalization of one of them; a series of threats and one assault against a pregnant woman of Tatar origin, who later miscarried; and another case of threats. No Borders reported one incident of sexual harassment by a group against a female foreign student.
The Diversity Initiative also reported one arson attack against property belonging to political representatives of the Crimean Tartars; one physical assault against and robbery of a Pakistani man by a group, which was filmed; a series of assaults against people who were visibly foreigners, which were filmed and posted on the Internet; a series of assaults, including the use of tear gas, by groups of from 30 to 50 people against people who were visibly foreigners, resulting in the injury of at least one person; and a further six physical assaults carried out by groups. Victims included a student from Azerbaijan, a Kurdish student, three Israelis and a group of Hungarian tourists. World Without Nazism reported five physical assaults, including one carried out by a group against Hungarian school children.
Euro-Asian Jewish Congress (EAJC), No Borders and World Without Nazism reported one incident of graffiti. The Diversity Initiative, the EAJC and World Without Nazism reported one incident of the desecration of a Holocaust memorial, one incident where swastikas were painted on 17 gravestones, and one incident of the desecration of a synagogue. The Diversity Initiative and the EAJC reported one incident of damage to property against a hostel for Jewish pilgrims, during which perpetrators broke windows by throwing stones; physical assaults against two pilgrims; a further three physical assaults, two of which were perpetrated by groups.
The Diversity Initiative and the EAJC also reported five incidents of graffiti, including four in which monuments to Holocaust victims were targeted and one that also involved the uprooting of trees surrounding a monument; one incident of the desecration of a Holocaust memorial; one incident of graffiti on a monument to Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the leader of the Chabad-Lubavitch movement; two incidents of the desecration of graves; and one incident of the desecration of a synagogue, during which a pig’s head was left on the threshold of the synagogue. In addition, the EAJC reported one incident of graffiti and one incident of threats against several high-profile Ukrainian Jews. World Without Nazism reported two physical assaults; seven incidents of the desecration of memorials commemorating the Holocaust; one incident of damage to a memorial to a rabbi; a series of incidents of graffiti on the property of two Jewish organizations; two incidents of the desecration of Jewish cemeteries; one incident of the desecration of a synagogue, in which a pig's head was thrown onto the construction site of the synagogue; and two incidents of threats.
The Diversity Initiative and No Borders reported one assault resulting in serious injury against a woman, who suffered a miscarriage as a result of the attack. The Diversity Initiative also reported an incident of graffiti, four arson attacks, including an incident in which six Korans were burned, and one incident of damage to a mosque. The Euro-Asian Jewish Congress (EAJC) reported one incident of graffiti. World Without Nazism reported two arson attacks against mosques; one arson attack on the construction site of a mosque; one incident of graffiti on a Muslim community-owned building; one incident of the desecration of a cemetery; and one incident of the desecration of a mosque.
The European Association of Jehovah's Christian Witnesses / Jehovah’s Witnesses – Ukraine reported four incidents of physical assaults resulting in serious injuries, one involving a group of attackers, 12 physical assaults, 57cases of damage to property or the desecration of places of worship, two threats, three arsons and 12 incidents of graffiti. World Without Nazism reported two physical assaults against Orthodox priests, one arson attack on a church building site and one case of the desecration of a place of worship.
Nash Mir reported 16 physical assaults, five of which resulted in serious injuries, and three physical assaults that also involved robbery. Thirteen of the assaults were carried out by groups. In one case, a man was assaulted, threatened with a knife and forced to drink his own urine. Nash Mir also reported one rape, four threats, including against organizers of a gay pride event, and one case of blackmail and extortion.
World Without Nazism, The Diversity Initiative and No Borders reported one arson attack. The Diversity Initiative and No Borders reported a further two arson attacks against Roma settlements. In one case, around 30 children were in their homes during the attack.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported a serious physical assault against and robbery of a man from the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported a serious physical assault against a gay man in Kyiv.
In its “Concluding Observations on the Seventh Periodic Report of Ukraine”, the United Nations Human Rights Committee expressed concerns about the infrequent use of Article 161 of the Criminal Code (on inciting ethnic, racial or religious animosity or hatred) and that hate crimes are instead prosecuted under hooliganism charges. The Committee recommended that the state step up efforts to investigate and properly prosecute the perpetrators of hate crimes.
ODIHR observes – in the context of the disparity between reported official and IGO/NGO information on Ukraine – that reliable data can only be collected through mechanisms that capture all cases reported to law enforcement, and that victims should be encouraged to report hate crimes.
The Holy See reported three cases of damage to Church property, one case of threats and one physical assault against churchgoers. All these attacks were connected to the opening of a new Catholic church. Ukrainian authorities reported back that the physical assault and case of damage to property were under investigation as hooliganism and intentional destruction or damage to property, respectively, without any bias motivation. The other cases were not reported to the authorities.