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Report Data - United Kingdom - 2013

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2018 111076 18055 10817
2017 95552 14535 11987
2016 80,763 20,321 Not available
2015 62518 21300 13103
2014 52853 4872 549

Hate crimes recorded by police

National developments

In July 2016, the Department for Communities and Local Government, the Home Office and the Ministry of Justice published an action plan on hate crime entitled Action Against Hate: The UK Government's plan for Tackling Hate Crime.

In October, the Crown Prosecution Service published revised guidelines on prosecuting cases involving communications sent via social media, which now includes a section on hate crime to equip prosecutors to address these cases.

In August 2017, as part of its #HateCrimeMatters campaign, the Crown Prosecution Service published Public Policy Statements and Legal Guidance on the monitored strands of hate crime.

NGO reports 
Organization Report 

Stonewall launched a new hate crime reporting guide entitled "How to Report Hate Crime", which informs people about their legal rights, where to go for help and why it is important to report hate crime.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Developments
Organization Report 

Galop reported one incident of threats and damage to property against a gay man with mental disabilities.

Organization Name 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Faith Matters reported one physical assault against a girl of mixed ethnicity and one case of damage to a car owned by a Pakistani family. Muslim Engagement and Development (MEND) reported two physical assaults causing serious injuries, one of which was carried out by a group against two men of South Asian origin; a further three physical assaults, including one carried out by a group after a march by the English Defence League; one incident of damage to property; and two incidents of graffiti, including racist graffiti, on an Islamic centre.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Community Security Trust (CST) reported 69 physical assaults, including four carried out by groups, one case in which two girls were pushed into oncoming traffic and two incidents where bricks, stones or eggs were thrown; four physical assaults resulting in serious injuries, including one involving a robbery; 46 incidents of damage to property; 38 threats; 48 incidents of graffiti, including 11 incidents where synagogues were desecrated or damaged and one incident where swastikas were painted on the pavement outside a Jewish nursery; 20 incidents involving the homes or vehicles parked outside the homes of Jewish people, including an incident where raw ham and prawns were pushed through the letterbox of a woman’s home; and one incident of the desecration of a cemetery. World Without Nazism reported one physical assault by a group against two Yeshiva students and one incident of damage to a memorial plate dedicated to three victims of the Holocaust.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Faith Matters reported two physical assaults, both against Muslim women, two incidents of threats and one arson attack. The Community Security Trust (CST) reported an incident of graffiti on a mosque.

Muslim Engagement and Development (MEND) reported the murder of an 82-year-old man after Friday prayers and two attempted bombings, all carried out by the same person. MEND also reported four physical assaults causing serious injuries, two of which targeted women wearing headscarves; 13 physical assaults, including ten against women and four involving attempts to remove their headscarves; and a further two attempted physical assaults against women, both involving attempts to remove their headscarves.

In addition, MEND reported three incidents of damage to property, including one in which a house was damaged and a pig’s head was left on the driveway; a further ten incidents involving pigs’ heads or bacon being placed outside family homes and mosques; 15 incidents of graffiti on mosques or Islamic centres; seven incidents in which mosque windows were smashed; three further incidents of the desecration of mosques; one incident involving the desecration of four Muslim graves; and three incidents of threats, including a bomb threat against a mosque. MEND also reported seven arson attacks, two of which were against mosques, including one incident during which worshippers were inside the mosque, and one of which was against a school and resulted in two boys requiring treatment for smoke inhalation.         

World Without Nazism reported two murders; one incident involving several physical assaults that caused serious injuries, in which several people were stabbed and four people, including a police officer, were hospitalized; and six arson attacks, including five against mosques and one against a Muslim school. World Without Nazism also reported eight incidents of the desecration of a place of worship, including three incidents in which a pig's head was left inside or near a mosque and five incidents of graffiti on mosques; one incident of the desecration of a cemetery, in which graves were covered in graffiti; one incident in which a bomb was found near a mosque; and one incident in which a Muslim woman wearing a headscarf was spat at on the street.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians reported three arson attacks on churches.

World Without Nazism reported one arson attack and one attempted bombing against a church and one incident of graffiti on a Sikh boarding school.

Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Transgender Europe reported three physical assaults against transgender women.

Organization Name 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Tell MAMA provided training on countering anti-Muslim hate crimes to frontline officers in six police forces in England and Wales; signed memorandums of understanding on hate crime data recording with police and victim support agencies to improve help to victims; and worked with Twitter, leading to improvements in the way users can report and block abusive content.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Developments
Organization Report 

Galop reported eight physical assaults including one serious physical assault by a knife, and a serious assault and robbery; one case of threats; two incidents of damage to property and one incident of graffiti. One assault was carried out by a group. The victims included nine gay men, two transwomen, one transman and a gay woman.

Organization Name 
Description Type 
Reports
IGO Reports 
Organization Report 

In its mission report on the United Kingdom, the United Nations Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent noted concerns about discrimination in various aspects of policing and the justice system in the country. The Working Group recommended that the legal framework for stop and search be amended to include requirements for reasonable suspicion for all police stops; that statistics anonymously identifying the ethnicity of persons subject to stop and search be collected and publicly reported; and that steps be taken towards increasing the number of people of African descent working in the law-enforcement and justice systems.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Developments
Organization Name 
Organization Report 

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) published findings from a survey on experiences and perceptions of anti-Semitism conducted in Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The survey showed that many respondents have been victims of anti-Semitic violence and harassment, and feared becoming hate crime victims in the future. The survey also mapped the extent of unreported anti-Semitic hate crime. FRA recommended that EU Member States consider taking a number of steps to improve the reporting, recording, investigating and prosecuting of hate crimes.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Developments
ODIHR Recommendations 

ODIHR observes that the United Kingdom has met OSCE commitments on hate crime data collection and reporting. ODIHR further observes that data on certain OSCE-mandated bias motivations have not been reported and that the United Kingdom did not report prosecution data from 2012.

National Developments 
Description Type 
Developments
Organization Report 

In 2013 The College of Policing in the United Kingdom published a Hate Crime Strategy and Operational Guidance. The documents set out the way the police and partners should deal with hate crime and provides information to victims about the standards of service they should expect to receive when they report crime to the police. The documents are publicly available on the police's True Vision website and it has been downloaded over 5000 times since their launch.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Official figures in England and Wales record 37484 racist hate crimes in England and Wales and 759 racist hate crimes in Northern Ireland.

Bias Motivation 
Organization Report 

This figure includes an unspecified number of anti-Semitic crimes.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Official figures in England and Wales record 318 anti-Semitic crimes.

Bias Motivation 
Organization Report 

These are included in and not additional to the racist and anti-religious hate crime figures.

Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Official figures in England and Wales record 2273 crimes based on bias against religion. Official figures in Northern Ireland record 19 crimes based on bias against religion.

Organization Report 

This figure includes an unspecified number of anti-Semitic crimes.

Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Official figures record 4622 crimes based on bias against sexual orientation, and 555 crimes based on bias against transgender persons in England and Wales, and 194 crimes based on bias against sexual orientation and ten crimes based on bias against transgender persons in Northern Ireland.

Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Official figures record 1985 crimes based on bias against people with disabilities in England and Wales and 85 crimes based on bias against people with disabilities in Northern Ireland.