France

France regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. France's hate crime laws are a combination of general and specific penalty-enhancement provisions. Hate crime data are collected by the Ministry of Justice, the National Institution for Human Rights, the police and the Gendarmerie. Hate crime data are regularly published by the National Institution for Human Rights. France conducts regular surveys of hate crime victimization.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2017 1505 Not available Not available
2016 1835 Not available 583
2015 1790 Not available Not available
2014 1662 Not available 554
2013 1765 579 Not available

Hate crimes recorded by police

National developments

The Ministry of Justice continued to implement its National Action Plan against Racism and anti-Semitism, which involves the following: reforming the statistical system to enable a better understanding of racist and anti-Semitic hate crimes; better alignment of hate crime statistics across the Ministries of Justice and the Interior; setting up a web-based platform to report racism and anti-Semitism on the Internet; implementing an agreement with the non-governmental organization LICRA to support victims of discrimination; creating anti-discrimination focus points in magistrates’ offices and establishing specialist prosecutors. In addition, the Department of Justice and Freedoms co-operated with the Ministry of the Interior to harmonize their analysis of and information about hate crime, and to make it accessible to the public. An inter-ministerial circular was signed and highlights the importance of the web-based platform, while encouraging co-ordination among investigation agencies.

The French government also carried out a number of specific actions in relation to responding to hate crime based on bias against LGBT people. This included the following: the release of an interim report on the government action programme against violence and discrimination committed on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity; the issuing of a circular setting out the appropriate criminal justice response to such cases; and the implementation of multidisciplinary training by the National School of Magistrates. In addition, the Minister for Justice issued an instruction for prosecutors’ offices that highlighted the following issues: the need to provide a firm and appropriate response to criminal violence and discrimination committed on the basis of bias against LGBT people; the need to enhance information services for victims; the importance of strengthening the relationship between the judiciary and specialized associations; the need to set up alert mechanisms for reporting and to ensure a timely response to offenses; and the importance of maintaining regular contact with the Rights Defender.

On 5 November, the Central Office of the Judicial Police of the National Gendarmerie was given the authority to coordinate hate crime investigations.

Holy See information

  • The Holy See reported four cases of grave desecrations. One of these cases, which was also reported by the Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians, involved damage to a church building. Another case of damage to a church and two further cases of vandalism were also reported by the Holy See. French authorities notified ODIHR that they cannot provide information about individual cases.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that France has met OSCE commitment on hate crime data collection and reporting. ODIHR further observes that data on certain OSCE-mandated bias observations have not been reported and that France did not report sentencing data for 2013.